March-April 2016

Complete Edition

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.


Letter from the Editor

2 Themes for Future Editions

4 Table of Contents

8 How about Winning Our Nation’s Wars Instead of Just Participating in Them?

Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn, U.S. Army, Retired

The Islamic State presents a clear mid- and long-term threat to the cultural and political existence of the West, according to this former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. U.S. military and civilian leadership must have the moral and political will to do everything necessary to beat them.

16 How Daesh Uses Language in the Domain of Religion

Maj. Theresa Ford, U.S. Army

Daesh, also known as the Islamic State, uses words and ideas as weapons to motivate and recruit Muslims to its cause, but words and ideas may also be used to defeat it.

28 Beheading, Raping, and Burning: How the Islamic State Justifies Its Actions

Lt. Cmdr. David G. Kibble, British Royal Naval Reserve, Retired

A British naval officer examines how the Islamic State justifies actions that the rest of the world considers barbaric, by considering the content of its online magazine, Dabiq.

36 Clouds or Clocks: The Limitations of Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield in a Complex World

Maj. Donald P. Carter, U.S. Army

The author argues that the “intelligence preparation of the battlefield” model does not support the high degree of situational awareness necessary to succeed in contemporary operating environments and espouses a systemic approach to intelligence doctrine.

42 On Convergence, Emergence, and Complexity

Lt. Gen. Patrick M. Hughes, U.S. Army, Retired

A former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency provides his views on the challenges associated with the current and future national security environment, warning that these challenges require new strategies. He offers some potential solutions to these problems.

47 The Myth of the New Complexity

Lt. Col. Clay Mountcastle, PhD, U.S. Army, Retired

U.S. political and military leaders claim that we are now witnessing an era of unprecedented complexity with a future far more unpredictable than in the past. However, the author demonstrates that a complex operating environment is nothing new for our military.

54 Moving Beyond the MBTI: The Big Five and Leader Development

Stephen J. Gerras, PhD, and Leonard Wong, PhD

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is accepted and acclaimed throughout the Army. The authors argue that there is no scientific foundation to justify its popularity, and the Army should replace the MBTI with the “Big Five” factors as a leader development tool to analyze personalities.

58 I’m Faded

1st Lt. Robert P. Callahan Jr., U.S. Army

The author recounts his own experiences with “ethical fading” to show how a systemic integrity problem can be corrected by focusing on the truth.

60 Civil-Military Engagement Program: Enhancing the Mission of Regionally Engaged Army Forces

Maj. Christian A. Carr, U.S. Army

The author discusses the success of civil-military engagement programs conducted by the U.S. Special Operations Command and recommends their use by geographic combatant commanders in support of regionally aligned forces within their respective areas of operation.

69 Biases of the Incumbents: What If We Were Integrating Men into a Women’s Army?

Col. Karl E. Friedl, U.S. Army, Retired

A U.S. Army medical professional provides an alternate reality where male soldiers face discrimination in a women’s Army, to demonstrate how gender diversity can lead to greater military effectiveness.

76 Host-Nation Cybersecurity in Future Stability Operations

Maj. Michael Kolton, U.S. Army

Nonmilitary organizations provide a framework for future Army doctrine in the fields of cybersecurity and critical infrastructure protection. The Army should integrate such precedents for host-nation cybersecurity during stability operations.

84 A Trust-Based Culture Shift: Rethinking the Army Leadership Requirements Model in the Era of Mission Command

Maj. Gregory M. Blom, U.S. Air Force

While Army leaders espouse the principles of mission command, the Army is slow to put those principles into practice. An Air Force officer discusses the need for alignment between mission command and Army leadership doctrine, and he recommends changes to the Army leadership requirements model.

92 The Use of the Reconnaissance Squadron during Joint Forcible Entry

Capt. Mike Mobbs, U.S. Army

The author offers ideas on how to more effectively employ an airborne brigade combat team’s reconnaissance squadron during forcible entry operations.

99 The Role of the Reserve Component as an Operational Reserve

Capt. Eric J. Leib, U.S. Army Reserve

The U.S. Army Reserve Component must develop as an operational reserve in support of the Army Total Force in order to effectively overcome the challenges of budget constraints and reductions to Army end strength.

105 Building a High-Performing Unit: An Army Battalion’s Leadership Journey in Preparation for Combat in Afghanistan

Col. Kevin A. McAninch, U.S. Army

A former military intelligence battalion commander explains the unique way his unit prepared its leaders for deployment to Afghanistan by partnering with the Center for Creative Leadership to create a leader development program.

113 The Army Civilian Corps: Professionals in the Making

Col. Kim Summers, U.S. Army, Retired

The author cites Army doctrine to argue that Department of the Army civilians are indeed professionals and members of the Army Profession. This article responds to a previous Military Review article that held a differing viewpoint.

120 REVIEW ESSAY: Counterinsurgency: What the United States Learned in Vietnam, Chose to Forget, and Needs to Know Today

Col. Eric Walters, U.S. Marine Corps, Retired

The reviewer critiques a book in which the author discusses the lessons learned during the Vietnam War (but since forgotten) and how they apply to today’s counterinsurgency fight.

123 Book Reviews

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

140 Cover 3

Capt. Florent A. Groberg, U.S. Army, retired, was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Barack Obama during a ceremony held 12 November 2015 at the White House. Groberg received the military’s highest award for valor for his actions on 8 August 2012 in Kunar Province, Afghanistan.