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Impact of Large-Scale Combat Operations (LSCO) on Operations

This compilation of works consists mainly of articles from Military Review, publications authored by the Combat Studies Institute, monographs from students at the Command and General Staff College, and selected works from other sources for which we have permission to reproduce.

The Army University Press invites readers to submit for publishing consideration articles to Military Review or longer works to the Combat Studies Institute on issues related to Large-Scale Combat Operations for submission on the Army University Press website at


Army U Press Content

Large-Scale Combat Operations Special Edition



By Various Authors

The Army is shifting its focus and updating its doctrine to prevail in large-scale ground combat operations against peer and near-peer threats. To support the new doctrine codified in Field Manual 3-0, Operations , the U.S. Army Combined Arms Center commander, Lt. Gen. Michael D. Lundy, directed the Army University Press to publish the seven-volume Large-Scale Combat Operations Historical Case Study book set. As he explains in this issue’s “Foreword,” his intent is “to expand the knowledge and understanding of the contemporary issues the U.S. Army faces by tapping our organizational memory to illuminate the future.” To introduce readers to this set, the following special section of Military Review provides an overview of each volume by its author. The downloadable version of the book set is available here on our website

Published by Military Review September-October 2018

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A military government “spearhead” (I Detachment) of the 3rd U.S. Army answers German civilian questions in April 1945 at an outdoor office in the town square of Schleusingen, Germany. I Detachments moved in the wake of division advances to immediately begin the process of civilian stabilization and normalization. (Photo from book, The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany 1944-1946, by Earl F. Ziemke)

Three Perspectives on Consolidating Gains

By Lt. Gen. Mike Lundy, U.S. Army Col. Richard Creed, U.S. Army Col. Nate Springer, U.S. Army Lt. Col. Scott Pence, U.S. Army

Using well-known Army leaders as examples, the author shows how leaders who lead by example, develop others, and prepare themselves are primed to fight and win in large-scale combat operations. This article is the winner of the 2019 MacArthur Writing Contest.

Published by Military Review September-October 2019, pg 16

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Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower (left) and Britain’s Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery (far right) confer with a junior U.S. Army officer on the progress of tank maneuvers in England 25 February 1944 in preparation for the invasion of Normandy in June 1944. (Photo from the Everett Collection via Alamy Stock Photo)

Do Large-Scale Combat Operations Require a New Type of Leader?MacArthur-2019-1st

By Maj. Dana M. Gingrich, U.S. Army

Using well-known Army leaders as examples, the author shows how leaders who lead by example, develop others, and prepare themselves are primed to fight and win in large-scale combat operations. This article is the winner of the 2019 MacArthur Writing Contest.

Published by Military Review September-October 2019, pg 134

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The third floor ward of the 49th General Hospital at the Manila Jockey Club in Manila, Philippines, during World War II. The hospital began in Manila 1 March 1945 and was able to take over treatment of numerous casualties at a time when the Leyte hospitals were full and the Sixth U.S. Army installations were lacking medical capacity. This photo is indicative of the greatly increased medical requirements for large-scale combat operations. (Photo courtesy of the Army Medical Department Center of History and Heritage)

Don’t Get Wounded

Military Health System Consolidation and the Risk to Readiness

By Lt. Col. F. Cameron Jackson, U.S. Army

A medical service officer critiques the latest restructuring of the military’s medical service system, asserting that such restructuring and realignment of resources has degraded the level of support the medical services can provide in the event of large-scale combat operations.

Published by Military Review September-October 2019, pg 141

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Afghan security forces inspect the site of a suicide car bomb 19 November 2014 at the gate of Green Village compound, a large fortified complex where many international contractors live and work in Kabul, Afghanistan. This was one of many explosions to rock the Afghan capital around that time. (Photo by Shah Marai, Agence France-Presse)

Risky Business

Commercial Support for Large-Scale Ground Combat Operations

ByMaj. Gen. Rodney D. Fogg, U.S. Army Lt. Col. William C. Latham Jr., U.S. Army, Retired

An increase in reliance by the Army on commercial support places military contractors at correspondingly greater risk as they appear more forward and in greater numbers on the battlefield, according to the commander of the U.S. Army Combined Arms Support Command.

Published by Military Review July-August 2019, pg 15

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Five Operational Lessons from the Battle for Mosul

Five Operational Lessons from the Battle for Mosul

By Maj. Thomas D. Arnold, U.S. Army Maj. Nicolas Fiore, U.S. Army

The battle for Mosul provides a blueprint for future large-scale combat operations in dense urban environments. The authors provide five observations from that battle that should guide the operational approach to the next urban fight.

Published Military Review January-February 2019, pg 56

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Additional Resources

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Canada Customs at Osoyoos, 1922


Lecture delivered at The Army War College, Washington Barracks, D.C.

As the Army shifts its focus to large-scale combat operations (LSCO), keeping the maneuver force adequately manned stands out as a key issue. For those interested in ensuring the efficiency of personnel replacement systems to support LSCO, the lecture "Replacements" given in 1922 at the U.S. Army War College by Lt. Col. Parker Hitt provides a historical perspective that highlights recurring and enduring issues related to personnel replacement system administration. We express our appreciation to Dr. Conrad Crane and Mr. Shane Reilly at the U.S. Army War College and Mr. Russell Rafferty, archivist at the Ike Skelton Combined Arms Center Library, for assistance in locating the lecture manuscript.

Published by The Army War College, March 25, 1922

Image credit: Spc. Andrew McNeil, US Army

Large-Scale Combat Operations: How the Army Can Get Its Groove Back

By Maj. James King

Until the Army focuses once again on large-scale, multi-division exercises in today’s complex environment and trains how it would fight, the assumption that the Army can conduct large-scale combat operations will be a dangerous one.

Published by Modern War Institute, 19 June 2018