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Primer on Sociopolitical and Military Developments in India - Pakistan

This compilation of works consists mainly of articles from Military Review, publications authored by the Combat Studies Institute, monographs from students at the Command and General Staff College, and selected works from other sources for which we have permission to reproduce.

The Army University Press invites readers to submit for publishing consideration articles to Military Review or longer works to the Combat Studies Institute on issues related to India - Pakistan. Guidelines for submission are on the Army University Press website at http://www.armyupress.army.mil/Publish-With-Us/.

   
 
 

Army U Press Content

he Decades-Long “Double-Double Game” Pakistan, the United States, and the Taliban

The Decades-Long “Double-Double Game”

Pakistan, the United States, and the Taliban

Thomas F. Lynch III, PhD

The strategic challenge of the Afghan Taliban continues to mean that the U.S. must pursue imperfect means to attain its most pressing security aim: denying international terrorists safe haven in either Afghanistan or Pakistan. In this regard, the author discusses the misalignment in U.S. and Pakistani strategies for Afghanistan and the South Asia region.

Published in the July-August 2018 Edition of Military Review, pg. 64

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India's influence in Souiheast Asia

Bridging the Gap between Policing and Counter-insurgency in Pakistan

Yelena Biberman, PhD
Philip Hultquist, PhD
Farhan Zahid, PhD

Four case studies from Pakistan demonstrate that police can and should play a larger role in counterinsurgencies.

Published in the November-December 2016 Edition of Military Review, pg. 37

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Pakistan: On the Front Porch of Conflict

Pakistan:

On the Front Porch of Conflict

By Edgar O'Ballance, retired British army coloneL

Pakistan is the keystone of stability and resistance to Soviet expansion in South-west Asia and the Balkanization of that region. If Pakistan disappeared, the area would undoubtedly erupt into a conflagration the United States would unlikely be able to influence.

Published in the March 1986 Edition of Military Review, pg. 58

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Pakistan and the Middle East Connection

Pakistan

and the Middle East Connection

By Major O. Smith, US Army

There 1s no reason to believe that the Middle East connect10n affects Pakistan's regional outlook. The not10n that Pakistan is becoming more a Middle Eastern state and less a South Asian state has much to recommend it in terms of economics and culture.

Published in the October 1984 Edition of Military Review, pg. 42

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Military Operations in Bangladesh

Military Operations in Bangladesh

By Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Wing Commander Mahuraj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired, is a military correspondent for the English-language Indian newspaper, The Indian Express. He holds an M.A. from the Indian University. A frequent contributor to the Military Review he is the author of “The Indo-Soviet Treaty and Its Implications” which appears in the December 1971 issue.

Published in the May 1972 Edition of Military Review, pg. 51

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Atomic Explosion

INDIA Under the Second Defense Plan

By Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

India enters the seventies under the second defense plan. The first embraced five years from 1964 to 1969.

Published in the December 1970 Edition of Military Review, pg. 13

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India's Maritime Posture

India's Maritime Posture

Anthony Harrigan

Captain D. R. Mehta of the Indian Navy, writing in the United States Naval Institute Proceedings, has said: If involved in a fighting war with China, India would also be justified in taking such measures as are within its power to restrict the enemy's capacity to wage war. The interdiction of Chinese shipping would be a relevant role for the Indian Navy. China is increasingly dependent on oil and petroleum products from overseas. To ease the pressures on our northern landward defenses, these supplies would have to be cut off, or restricted, and this can best be achieved by the use of naval forces.

Published in the April 1969 Edition of Military Review, pg. 24

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Indiann Military Policy and Strategy

Indian Military Policy and Strategy

Ashok Kapur

Ashok Kapur is a Sessional Lecturer with the Department of Political Science, School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. He was born in Pakistan and has traveled extensively in Europe and the Far East. He graduated from Punjab University and holds a Master's degree in International Affairs from George Washington University. He was with the Office of Political and Security Council Affairs at United Nations Headquarters in New York and a Research Fellow at the Institute for Sino-Soviet Studies, George Washington University. His article, "The Military Situation in South Asia," appeared in the December 1968 issue of the Military Review.

Published in the July 1969 Edition of Military Review, pg. 87

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India

INDIA

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra,Indian Air Force, Retired, is military correspondent for the English language Indian newspaper, The Indian Express. A frequent contributor to the Military Review, he is the author of "New Winds Over Southeast Asia," which appeared in the September 1968 issue.

Published in the January 1969 Edition of Military Review, pg. 3

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India’s Nuclear Dilemma

India’s Nuclear Dilemma

K. K. Sinha

DESPITE the passage of time, the definition of democracy, “a form of government of the people, hy the people, and for the people,” is still the best.

Published in the October 1968 Edition of Military Review, pg. 50

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India's Alternatives

Democracy and Defense in India

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Despite the passage of time, the definition of democracy, “a form of government of the people, hy the people, and for the people,” is still the best.

Published in the August 1967 Edition of Military Review, pg. 9

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India's Alternatives

India's Alternatives

Brigadier R. D. Law,
Indian Army

NUCLEAR detonations by Communist China and the prospect of mainland China becoming a nuclear power have posed a number of problems for India.

Published in the April 1967 Edition of Military Review, pg. 56

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Lessons from the War In Kashmir

Lessons from the War In Kashmir

Leo Heimen

The Kashmir war was actually a series of sharp, but relatively minor, tactical engagement which culminated in one major battle between the massed armored formations of both armies.

Published in the February 1966 Edition of Military Review, pg. 22

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Atomic Explosion

INDIA and the Bomb

Dr. Raj Krishna

This is a significant discussion of three major Indian alternatives to the Communist Chinese nuclear threat, and a proposal for a limited but independent nuclear capability.

Published in the December 1965 Edition of Military Review, pg. 74

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Mount Everest

Land Communications Through Asia's Highest - Mountains

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

It seems, indeed, that two different races and civilizations, so far kept distinctly apart by the mountain barrier, are moving closer to each other step by step in serious confrontation. Whether, ultimately, this is for the better or for the worse only the fnture can tell. In either situation, however, the mountain roadways will play a vital role.

Published in the Novenber 1965 Edition of Military Review, pg. 3

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Indian Ocean Strategy

Indian Ocean Strategy

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Indian defense is at the crossroads. But India has the grip, found the direction, and struck the path of development. It should not be long before she carves a legitimate position of strength for herself.

Published in the May 1965 Edition of Military Review, pg. 88

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Indian Defense at the Crossroads

Indian Defense at the Crossroads

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Indian defense is at the crossroads. But India has the grip, found the direction, and struck the path of development. It should not be long before she carves a legitimate position of strength for herself.

Published in the October 1964 Edition of Military Review, pg. 8

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Pakistan and Her Armed Forces

Dr. Otto Sieveking

This article was translated and digested from the original, published in TRUPPENPRAXIS (Federal Republic of Germany) January 1963, under the title, "Pakistan und seine Streitkriifte," All Rights Reserved.

Published in the June 1963 Edition of Military Review, pg. 91

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The Himalayan Border War: An Indian Military View

The Himalayan Border War:

An Indian Military View

Wing Commander Maharaj K. Chopra, Indian Air Force, Retired

Ladakh is a province of Kashmir, having Sinkiang, Tibet, and India's Himachal Pradesh as its contiguous territories.

Published in the May 1963 Edition of Military Review, pg. 8

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NASA - Satellite imagery taken from NASA World Wind software

Conflict in the Himalayas

Leo E. Rose

In the West there is a fuller apllreciation of India's vital importance to the defense of the rest of Asia against Communist expansion, as well as a tendency to view India's complex relations with neighboring states in a new, broader perspective.

Published in the February 1963 Edition of Military Review, pg. 3

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The Strenght of India 1962

The Strength of India

Major Edgar O'Ballance, Territorial Army, Great Britain

Brought face to face with Red China, how would India fare in war? The Indian Army, small, but determined and efficient, supported by its air force, should be able to hold the Reds along the line of the Himalayas for a time.

Published in the January 1962 Edition of Military Review, pg. 25

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The Evolution of Pakistan

The Evolution of Pakistan

Translated and digested by the Military Review frorn an article entitled "Ankara and Karachi: Identical Problems" by Rene Vallet in "Revue Defense Nationale" (France) February 1960.

Pakistan was created as a self-governing nation in 1947. She has a population of 83 million people located in two geographical regions separated by 1,700 kilometers of Indian territory.

Published in the August 1960 Edition of Military Review, pg. 93

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Biberman-Figure-1

India and Her Neighbors—

A Geopolitical Interpretation

Digested by the Military Review from an article by C. S. Venkatachar in "The Journal of the United Service Institution" (India) April 1954.

The split in the spirit of Europe, coincides with the geographical and hence, the strategical division of Europe between east and west. The result is that the east has denounced the cosmopolitan liberalism of the west, individualism, and rational approach to human problems.

Published in the January 1955 Edition of Military Review, pg. 100

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This is photograph SE 3641 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums (collection no. 4700-64) This work created by the United Kingdom Government is in the public domain. This is because it is one of the following: 1.It is a photograph taken prior to 1 June 1957; or 2.It was published prior to 1968; or 3.It is an artistic work other than a photograph or engraving (e.g. a painting) which was created prior to 1968. HMSO has declared that the expiry of Crown Copyrights applies worldwide

India's Wartime Effort

Digested by the Military Review from an article by Lieutenant General Sir Wilfrid Lindsell in "The Journal of the Royal Artillery" (Great Britain) July 1953.

Enough has been said to show what an immense contribution India made from 1939 to 1945. Should India and Pakistan stand apart from any future world conflict, a new set of problems is produced both in the sphere of fighting manpower and in munitions supply.

Published in the January 1954 Edition of Military Review, pg. 80

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India's influence in Souiheast Asia

India's influence in Southeast Asia

Lieutenant R. W.R. Ardley, Australian Army Journal, May 1953

India is thus, the premiere Commonwealth representative in Asia. As such, she exerts a considerable sobering and stablizing effect on Southeast Asia. National aspirations in countries which see in India their forerunner and prototype are likely to be directed in the paths of reason and moderation by the judicious course which India is following.

Published in the May 1953 Edition of Military Review, pg. 102

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Two Years of Pakistan Independence

Two Years of Pakistan Independence

Digested by the Military Review from an article by Major A. J. Wilson in "The Army Quarterly" (Great Britain) October 1949.

Certainly all who have served in Northern India will congratulate the new nation of Pakistan on the courage and determination she has displayed in the first 2 years of her independence, and they will wish her well in facing the trials and troubles that lie ahead.

Published in the May 1950 Edition of Military Review, pg. 80

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U.S. ordnace vehicle assembly line in India, March 1944.-Army Signal Corps photo.

Development of India as a Base for Operations

Digested by Lieutenant General Sir Wiifrid Lindsell in the "Journal of the Royal United Service Institution" (Great Britain) May 1947.

It is true to say that the problems involved in the development of a major base for the maintenance of military operations on a grand scale are not generally well appreciated or understood.

Published in the August 1948 Edition of Military Review, pg. 103

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Regiments or Brigades?

Regiments or Brigades?

Reprinted by tbe "Military Review" from an article in "The Owl" (India) December 1946

To sum up, there seems no doubt that the advantages of the adoption of the regimental system outweigh any possible drawbacks. It would give greater cohesion and efficiency in battle, easier administration in peace and war.

Published in the July 1947 Edition of Military Review, pg. 107

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