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January-February 2020 Cover

March-April 2020


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2020 General William E. DePuy Special Topics Writing Competition

Contest opens 1 January 2020 and closes 20 July 2020.


Suggested Themes and Topics for Future Editions


Preventing the Collapse: Fighting Friction after First Contact at the National Training Center

Lt. Col. Brian P. Schoellhorn, U.S. Army

A former senior trainer at the National Training Center (NTC) describes how the NTC replicates the friction of war and offers recommendations on how leaders can reduce that friction to a manageable level.


Lightning Strike

Brig. Gen. Joel B. (J. B.) Vowell, U.S. Army
Maj. Benjamin Scott, U.S. Army
Maj. Edward Guelfi, U.S. Army

The 25th Infantry Division validated its previous success in a Warfighter exercise (WFX) by executing critical WFX events under integrated virtual and live-fire conditions within a multi-domain operations construct during Operation Lightning Strike.


We Are Missing Opportunities to Build Sustained, Total Force Readiness inside Brigade Combat Teams

Lt. Col. Nicholas Melin, DPhil, U.S. Army

The author highlights how brigade combat teams (BCTs) are not properly integrating echelons-above-brigade enablers into their formations. He identifies steps BCTs can take to alleviate this readiness gap and offers institutional recommendations for formal, regional alignment of enablers with BCTs and divisions.


Linda Darnell Farewell

Military Review bids farewell and happy retirement to long-time employee Mrs. Linda Darnell.


Death Ignores the Golden Hour: The Argument for Mobile, Farther-Forward Surgery

Lt. Col. Brian C. Beldowicz, MD, U.S. Army
Maj. Michael Bellamy, DO, U.S. Army
Maj. Robert Modlin, U.S. Army

Three medical experts believe the “Golden Hour” paradigm is inadequate for large-scale combat environments, where timely medical evacuation is not guaranteed, and they offer a more deliberate mission-support model that places surgical elements farther forward on the battlefield.


Divided We Fall: How the U.S. Force Is Losing Its Joint Advantage over China and Russia

Lt. Col. Dan Sukman, U.S. Army
Lt. Col. Charles Davis, PhD, U.S. Army, Retired

The authors hold that the U.S. military is losing its advantage with respect to joint interoperability, and U.S. military leadership must reverse this trend through a renewed emphasis on joint officer development and a reaffirmed commitment to improving the capability and capacity of the joint force.


Gap-Crossing Operations: Medieval and Modern

John D. Hosler, PhD

A military historian presents examples of medieval wet-gap crossings from which modern-day tacticians can draw valuable lessons.


Utilizing Army Historians in the Operational Force

Capt. Michael Loveland, U.S. Army Reserve

The author asserts that most commanders and staff officers remain woefully ignorant regarding the operational role of historians. He explains how they can leverage the expertise of Army historians as part of everyday operations.


“Trans-Rational” Iran’s Transnational Strategy for Dominance and Why It Cannot Survive Great Power Competition

Maj. Scott J. Harr, U.S. Army

Iran trains, supports, and employs a vast network of nonstate, transnational proxies to advance its foreign policy agenda across the Middle East. The author analyzes some of the challenges associated with this approach, draws conclusions about the prospects of Iran’s strategy, and offers recommendations for U.S. policy and actions regarding Iran.


Tweeting Terror Live: Al-Shabaab’s Use of Twitter during the Westgate Attack and Implications for Counterterrorism Communications

Victoria Fassrainer

A specialist in international affairs details the use of live-tweets by al-Shabaab terrorists during their 2013 attack on the Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya, offers a hybrid theoretical framework for analyzing the group’s motivations, and presents her findings from that analysis.


Consolidating Gains in Northeast Syria: A Whole-of-Government Approach to Evaluating Civil Authority

Lt. Col. Peter Brau, U.S. Army

In a follow-up article to the previously published “Civil Authority in Manbij, Syria,” a civil affairs officer recounts U.S. efforts to help restore normalcy to northeast Syria through interagency coordination and support of local civil councils.


Sluss-Tiller Tests the Cultural Competence Special Operations Forces Need

Louise J. Rasmussen, PhD

The author describes cultural competence requirements identified while observing Operation Sluss-Tiller, the culminating exercise for civil affairs students, and considers the effectiveness of the Adaptive Readiness for Culture (ARC) competence model as a tool for evaluating cultural skills.





Kevin M. James

A poem written by a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Air Force.


Rethinking Uzbekistan: A Military View

Maj. Daniel J. O’Connor, U.S. Army

Uzbekistan has the potential to take the lead on development in the entire Central Asia region. The author examines the region’s geopolitical environment and argues for a closer U.S.-Uzbekistan partnership.


Call for Papers: The China-Taiwan Reunification Conundrum

The People's Republic of China has made it clear that it intends to annex Taiwan, and, if necessary, will seize the island by force. Military Review is soliciting articles regarding this potentially volatile situation between China, Taiwan, and the international community, and how the United States should respond.


The Early Air War in the Pacific: Ten Months That Changed the Course of World War II

Lt. Col. Jesse McIntyre III, U.S. Army, Retired

The author critiques a book by Ralph Wetterhahn, an experienced fighter pilot, on aerial combat in the Pacific theater during the early days of World War II.


Army University Press Director to Retire

Military Review bids farewell and happy retirement to the director of the Army University Press, Col. Kate Guttormsen.


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