May-June 2016

Complete Edition

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Letter from the Editor

2 Themes for Future Editions

4 Table of Contents

8 Old Generation Warfare: The Evolution—Not Revolution—of the Russian Way of Warfare

Maj. Nick Sinclair, U.S. Army

According to the author, Russia’s “new generation warfare” is just an adaptation of its traditional methods and objectives. Therefore, U.S. military professionals should reacquaint themselves with the traditional Russian way of warfare to understand its “new” approach.

17 Unconventional Art and Modern War

Maj. Randall A. Linnemann, U.S. Army

This article takes an unconventional look at how the United States and Western nations fight by comparing visual art with the art of war. It discusses cultural differences between Eastern and Western philosophies as reflected in artwork and approaches to conducting war.

27 Defining a New Security Architecture for Europe that Brings Russia in from the Cold

John Mearsheimer, PhD

In an article adapted from a speech, a political scientist discusses what he considers failings in U.S. and NATO policy regarding Europe and Russia since 2008. He describes a policy change that he believes could end the crisis in Ukraine although the U.S. turn toward Asia and the uncertain future of NATO would likely prevent its implementation.

32 Understanding Today’s Enemy: The Grand Strategists of Modern Jihad

Dr. Sebastian Gorka

An expert in irregular warfare and jihadi strategy outlines the work of Islamist thinkers whose texts on Islamic holy war against the “infidels” form the ideological foundation for a modern jihad.

40 The Particular Circumstances of Time and Place: Why the Occupation of Japan Succeeded and the Occupation of Iraq Failed

Col. David Hunter-Chester, PhD, U.S. Army, Retired

The author draws on expertise as a historian and personal experience working with the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad to show why U.S. plans and policies for occupying any country should be tailored to the situation.

50 The AFRICOM Queen

Brian J. Dunn

The third-place winner of the 2015 General William E. DePuy Special Topics Writing Competition advocates using civilian ships as naval platforms to project U.S. Army and partner assets around the African continent. Just as the fictional “African Queen” was converted for a military mission, civilian ships could provide a relatively simple solution to U.S. Africa Command’s amphibious shipping shortage.

62 To Respond or Not to Respond: Addressing Adversarial Propaganda

Lt. Col. Jesse McIntyre III, U.S. Army, Retired

Joint and Army doctrine have very little to say about counterpropaganda. A former psychological operations officer considers this a deficiency and revisits a counterpropaganda methodology once used by Army staffs.

70 A Rigorous Education for an Uncertain Future

Col. Francis J.H. Park, U.S. Army

Army intermediate-level education falls short of the rigor needed to meet the needs of the joint force and the goals of the Army University. Four integrated recommendations could help ensure officers are intellectually prepared for the challenges they will face.

78 Precedent and Rationale for an Army Fixed-Wing Ground Attack Aircraft

Maj. John Q. Bolton, U.S. Army

An Army aviator argues that the U.S. Air Force considers close air support a high-risk, low-payoff mission, and the Army needs to take over this mission with its own organic fixed-wing aircraft.

88 Social Factors and the Human Domain

Maj. Brian Hildebrand, U.S. Army National Guard

The author proposes an approach that military planners could use to analyze the human domain, based on six interrelated social factors.

97 Force Agility through Crowdsourced Development of Tactics

Lt. Col. Chad Storlie, U.S. Army, Retired

Crowdsourcing, big data, and mobile gaming could help Army staffs achieve tactical agility through enhanced course-of-action development during the military decision-making process, according to this article that received an honorable mention in the 2015 General William E. DePuy Special Topics Writing Competition.

104 Army ROTC at One Hundred

Paul N. Kotakis

A review of milestones in the one-hundred-year history of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps shows its enduring influence on the U.S. military and American society.

111 U.S. Cyber Force: One War Away

Maj. Matt Graham, U.S. Army

An Army strategist asserts that the military needs a greatly empowered and independent U.S. Cyber Command, coequal with the existing armed services, to focus on the cyberspace domain.

119 Advantages of Assigning Forces

Lt. Col. Heather Reed, U.S. Army

Assigning U.S. forces to combatant commands could be an effective way to balance interests as well as budgets. A combatant commander’s authority to control military operations would remain separate from a service’s authority to control administrative functions, so service leaders should not be concerned about competing chains of command, according to this author.

126 Disciples: The World War Missions of the CIA Directors Who Fought for Wild Bill Donovan

John G. Breen, PhD

The reviewer critiques a book in which the author delves into the stories behind four former directors of the Central Intelligence Agency whose careers were abruptly ended after covert action programs conducted during their respective administrations went wrong.

129 Book Reviews

148 Cover 3

The Military Review staff reluctantly bids farewell to the director of the Army Press and the editor in chief of Military Review, Col. Anna Friederich-Maggard.