Photo Sources


p. 7

Marble statue of a helmed hoplite (5th century BC), maybe Leonidas, Sparta, Archæological Museum of Sparta, Greece (1994). Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons,

p. 8

Union private infantry uniform, from plate 172. Photo courtesy of Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of War, 1 January 1895) via Wikimedia Commons,

p. 10

A plate from Wilfred Owen’s 1920 Poems by Wilfred Owen, showing the author. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons,

p. 11

Lt. Gen. George Patton observes II Corps armor preparing for engagement with German forces in Tunisia, 1943. Photo courtesy of the National Archives.

p. 13

Keith Douglas in the desert in Egypt during the Second World War. Photo courtesy of the War Poets Association,

p. 14

Soldiers of the Army’s 3rd Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division, take cover behind rocks to shield themselves from exploding mortar shells near the Hantan River in central Korea, 11 April 1951. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army/Library of Congress,

p. 15

U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the 24th Infantry Regiment move up the firing line, 18 July 1950. The 24th was part of the occupation of Japan until it deployed to Korea in June 1950. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army.

p. 16

A Vietnam War veteran, wearing a partial uniform, maneuvers his wheelchair past the Vietnam Memorial Wall on 5 February 2017. Photo by Inga Spence, Alamy Stock Photo.

p. 18

Master Sgt. James Haskell overlooks Ground Zero on 11 September 2001. Smoldering fires of the World Trade Center are reflected in the visor of a U.S. Air Force MH-53M helicopter flight engineer days after the September 11th terrorist attack on the United States. Photo by Staff Sgt Michelle Leonard, 1st Combat Camera Squadron.

p. 19

A firefighter stands under the flag of Two World Trade Center (Tower Two) 15 September 2001. Photo by PHC Eric Tilford, Fleet Combat Camera Atlantic via the Navy Archives Collection,

p. 20

FBI agents, firefighters, rescue workers, and engineers work at the Pentagon crash site on 14 September 2001, where a hijacked American Airlines flight slammed into the building on 11 September. The terrorist attack caused extensive damage to the west face of the building and followed similar attacks on the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. Photo by Tech. Sgt. Cedric H. Rudisill, U.S. Air Force.

p. 21

U.S. soldiers reading the New York Post with the headline “WAR” three days after 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York City at ground zero. Photo by Peter Casolino, Alamy Stock Photo.

p. 22

Soldiers from 17th Fires Brigade and 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, arrive by air and convoy 11 August 2009 to assist the Iraqi army distribute humanitarian aid to the citizens of Faddaqhryah and Bahar in the Basra Province of Iraq. Photo by Spc. Marurice A. Galloway, U.S. Army,

p. 23

A soldier is overcome as she mourns the loss of Army Sgt. Dustin D. Laird at Camp Taqqadum’s Mainside Chapel 8 August 2006. Photo by Lance Cpl. Geoffrey P. Ingersoll, U.S. Marine Corps,

p. 26

A silhouette of a mosque. Photo by Mohamed Hassan via Pixabay.

p. 28

Commander of Troop A, 1st Squadron, 113th Cavalry Regiment, Task Force Redhorse, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 34th Infantry Division, Task Force Red Bulls, Capt. Jason Knueven, of Inwood, Iowa, grasps the dog tags of a fallen hero as Sgt. 1st Class Travis Bentz, A Troop’s acting first sergeant, pays his respects during a memorial ceremony at Joint Combat Outpost Pul-e Sayad, Afghanistan, 25 April 2011. Photo by Staff Sgt. Ashlee J. L. Sherrill, Combined joint Task Force 101,

p. 29

Photo of the blue and pink Andromeda Galaxy. Photo by Miriam Espacio,

p. 32

Soldiers from Company C, 1st Squadron, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, conduct a dismounted patrol around Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan, 12 January 2013, as part of an exercise to validate them as the Theater Reserve Force. Photo by Cpl. Alex Flynn, U.S. Army,

p. 33

p. 35

OCP Scorpion W2 uniform 22 November 2019, the current issue of the U.S. Army combat uniform. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons,

p. 37

Demonstrations against Iraq war in London in April 2006. Photo courtesy of willem via Flickr,

p. 38

A U.S. Army Stryker on a mission to recover another damaged Stryker in support of American forces in Baqubah, Iraq, is destroyed by an improvised explosive device on 10 May 2007. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army.

p. 38

Portrait of Monsieur de Lavoisier and his Wife, chemist Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, 1788, oil on canvas, 259.7 cm x 194.6 cm. Painting courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art via Wikimedia Commons,

p. 39

A destroyed Iraqi T-55 Main Battle Tank sits along a roadside during Operation Iraqi Freedom 13 April 2003. Photo by Staff Sgt. Bryan Reed, U.S. Marine Corps;

p. 40

Photos by William M. Darley.

p. 41

Sgt. 1st Class Ed Franco plays with local refugee children in Dar Ul Aman, Kabul, Afghanistan, 8 April 2007, in support of a volunteer community outreach program. The program includes a children diversion tactic that allowed volunteers to distribute two hundred bags filled with clothes, shoes, and toys without distraction and is provided every month with the help of donated items from U.S. citizens. Photo courtesy of the Department of Defense,

p. 43

1st Sgt. Shane Chapman, from 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division, yells for a medic to treat an Iraqi civilian injured in a vehicle borne improvised explosive device explosion 6 March 2008 in Mosul, Iraq. Photo by Staff Sgt. Jason Robertson, U.S. Army,

p. 44

Soldiers conduct a patrol in Ja’ara, Iraq, 31 August 2007. The soldiers are from 3rd Platoon, Bravo Company, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division. Photo by Sgt. Timothy Kingston, U.S. Army,

p. 45

A fallen tree in Twickenham Rough Junction, London. Photo by Jim Linwood via Flickr,

p. 46

Sgt. 1st Class Michael McKinney, 2nd Infantry Brigade, 8th Infantry Regiment, and an Iraqi soldier from the 8th Iraqi army oversee a group of applicants waiting to register for the Sons of Iraq in Diwaniyah, Iraq, 25 October 2008. U.S. forces supported the Iraqi army as they continued to move toward conducting operations without U.S. support. Photo by Sr. Airman Eric Harris, Joint Combat Camera Center Iraq,

p. 47

Taliban fighters are seen on the back of a vehicle in Kabul, Afghanistan. Photo by Stringer/Sputnik via the Associated Press.

p. 48

An Army soldier assigned to the 431st Civil Affairs Battalion, 101st Airborne Division, helps to secure an area of downtown Mosul, Iraq, during a violent demonstration by protesters during Operation Iraqi Freedom, 12 June 2003. Photo by Staff Sgt. Ronald Mitchell, U.S. Army, courtesy of the National Archives,

p. 51

Army soldiers and an interpreter sit with a Spin Boldak resident in Afghanistan’s Kandahar Province, 15 September 2011. Photo courtesy of the Department of Defense,

p. 52

A Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle lies on its side after a blast from a buried improvised explosive device 6 January 2007 in Iraq. The Stryker was recovered and protected its soldiers on more missions until another bomb finally put it out of action. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army,

p. 55

Air Force Tech. Sgt. Jim Araos, 39th Air Base Wing Public Affairs office noncommissioned officer in charge of community engagement, poses during a photo shoot 23 October 2019 at Incirlik Air Base, Turkey. Araos faced numerous consecutive challenges in his active-duty career and recovered from depression with the help of a military family life counselor. Photo by Staff Sgt. Joshua Magbanua, U.S. Air Force,

p. 60

City elders drink tea and snack on cookies during a shura at the government center, 22 May 2010, Marjah, Afghanistan. The shura marked the first in a plan to hold monthly meetings between city elders and government officials. Photo by Lance Cpl. James W. Clark, Regimental Combat Team-7, 1st Marine Division Public Affairs,

p. 61

Soldiers with 2nd Battalion, 327th Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, return fire during a firefight with Taliban forces in Barawala Kalay Valley in Kunar Province, Afghanistan, 31 March 2011. Photo by Pfc. Cameron Boyd, U.S. Army,

p. 63

Air Force Airman Jodi Lange, 20th Medical Support Squadron, poses for an illustration photo depicting an abused woman silenced by her abuser as a result of sexual assault, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, 25 March 2012. Photo illustration by Airman 1st Class Ashley L. Gardner, U.S. Air Force,

p. 66

Army soldiers from Company C, 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment, watch the surrounding hills for insurgents while fellow soldiers of the company race to their positions dodging heavy sniper fire during a three-hour gun battle at Waterpur Valley, in Kunar Province, Afghanistan, on 3 November 2009. Photo by Sgt. Matthew Moeller, U.S. Army,

p. 67

Artistic AI rendering by Charlotte Richter, Army University Press.

p. 68

Composite graphic by Michael Hogg, Military Review.

p. 69

Staff Sgt. Josh Hemminger, 833rd Engineer Company, hugs his two sons Brandon (left) and Austin just before leaving for Afghanistan. These engineers deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Photo by Staff Sgt. Chad D. Nelson, Iowa Army National Guard,

p. 70

Task Force Currahee soldiers from Company C, 1st Battalion of the 506th Infantry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division are led out of Forward Operating Base Khayr-Khot Castle by Afghan National Army soldiers on a presence patrol to the city 6 October 2010. The soldiers patrolled the city to interact with the people and reassure them that they are there for their security. Photo by Spc. Luther Boothe Jr., U.S. Army,

p. 71

This still image made from video released by the U.S. Central Command on Tuesday, 23 September 2014, shows a structure in Tall Al Qitar, Syria moments after a U.S. airstrike. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Central Command.

p. 72

Sgt. 1st Class Alwyn Cashe. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army.

p. 72

Soldiers guard a nearby central petroleum infrastructure in Syria with their M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle in the Central Command area of responsibility, 20 November 2020. Photo by Spc. Jensen Guillory, U.S. Army.

p. 74

Sniper Spc. James Wanser keeps watch in the early morning hours of 8 September 2011 while his battle buddy catches a few precious minutes of sleep in Paktika Province of Afghanistan. Photo by Spc. Ken Scar, U.S. Army.

p. 75

Air Force Sr. Airman Ryan S. Godar, a tactical air control party specialist with the 169th Air Support Operations Squadron, cleans the bolt of his M4 carbine after a weapons qualification at Operation Northern Strike in Alpena, Michigan, 15 August 2014. Photo by Staff Sgt. Lealan Buehrer, U.S. Air Force,

p. 76

Artistic AI rendering by Charlotte Richter, Army University Press.

p. 77

Sgt. Ian Rivera-Aponte, a U.S. Army Reserve sniper and infantryman with the 100th Infantry Battalion, Honolulu, poses for a promotional photo shoot for Army Reserve recruiting at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, 26 July 2017. Photo by Master Sgt. Michel Sauret, U.S. Army Reserve.

p. 78

A 354th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron patch is displayed on the headset of an A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft crew chief during a theater security package deployment to Lask Air Base, Poland, 13 July 2015. Photo by Staff Sgt. Christopher Ruano, U.S. Air Force,

p. 79

Army Staff Sgt. Hassan Kafi (right) shakes hands with an Iraqi soldier before conducting a weapons qualification on Camp Taji, Iraq, 8 March 2015. Kafi was a linguist assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division’s Company C, 2nd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team. Photo courtesy of the Department of Defense,

p. 80

A multipurpose canine team provides security for a nearby mortar firing position in Deir ez-Zor Province, Syria, October 2018. Photo by Sgt. Matthew Crane, U.S. Army,

p. 82

Soldiers assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division prepare to board a U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft in support of the final noncombatant evacuation operation (NEO) missions at Hamid Karzai International Airport, Afghanistan, 30 August 2021. The Afghanistan NEO was the largest noncombatant evacuation operation ever conducted by the U.S. military. Photo by Sr. Airman Taylor Crul, U.S. Air Force.

p. 83

Maj. Gen. Chris Donahue, commander of the U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division, XVIII Airborne Corps, boards a C-17 cargo plane at the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan. Donahue was the final American service member to depart Afghanistan; his departure closed the U.S. mission to evacuate American citizens, Afghan Special Immigrant Visa applicants, and vulnerable Afghans. Photo by Master Sgt. Alex Burnett, U.S. Army,

p. 88

Lt. Gen. Jim Lovelace, U.S. Army Central commanding general, addresses the crowd of service members, civilians, coalition forces troops, and Kuwaiti soldiers during a Memorial Day observance at Camp Buehring, Kuwait, 26 May 2008. More than four thousand service members are pictured on the wall behind Lovelace, which commemorated the sacrifices of those who had fallen during Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Photo by Spc. Giancarlo Casem, U.S. Army.


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March 2023