Military Review


Publishing Disclaimer: In all of its publications and products, Military Review presents professional information. However, the views expressed therein are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the Army University, the Department of the Army, or any other agency of the U.S. government.

2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Exclusive Online articles are published only online to support timely discussion on emerging time-sensitive issues. Online publication also allows us to publish more articles than before due to the unconstrained nature of the website.

Publishing Disclaimer: In all of its publications and products, Military Review presents professional information. However, the views expressed therein are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the Army University, the Department of the Army, or any other agency of the U.S. government.

September 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Russian Logistics and Forward Urban Defense in the Baltic States

Lukas Milevski

On 24 February 2022, following a pattern it began in 2008 and continued in 2014, Russia proved once again that it was perfectly willing to start major war in Europe. Beyond the attention paid to its war, Russia has tangentially also pushed Baltic defense back close to the center of NATO’s security agenda.

Article published on: 09 September 2022


Embracing the Need for Command Climate Change

Maj. Gen. Christopher R. Norrie, U.S. Army
Lt. Col. Jaron S. Wharton, PhD, U.S. Army

Healthy command climates are essential to who we are and how well we fight, so we must continuously challenge how we assess, promote, and value positive command climates.

Article published on: 02 September 2022


August 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

A Balancing Game of Janus: Turkish Armed Forces’ Border Security Measures

Col. Özgür Körpe, PhD, Turkish Army

Perhaps the most important side effect of irregular migration in the world today for any country that accepts it is the risk of destabilization. Today, Türkiye faces such a risk. Moreover, Türkiye’s allies, especially NATO members, have been basically forcing it to face this problem alone—even with the massive uptick of irregular migration and refugees that occurred in 2015 with Russian intervention into the Syrian civil war. By way of comparison, the support given to Türkiye to assist with refugees and immigrants is nothing like the massive support provided to the neighboring countries of Ukraine that experienced a mass refugee migration due to the January 2022 Russian invasion. Moreover, Türkiye has had to deal with many more waves of people from different countries than Ukraine’s neighbors.

Article published on: 17 August 2022


Russian Public Opinion and the Ukraine War: Applying the American Experience

John Mueller, PhD

The author provides examples of how U.S. public opinion impacted the Nation’s involvement in its wars and applies lessons learned in a comparison with current Russian public opinion regarding its war with Ukraine.

Article published on: 02 August 2022


July 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Russian Preinvasion Influence Activities in the War with Ukraine

Ian J. Courter

The February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine was unsurprising to many longtime analysts and regional experts as the conflict fit a clear pattern with roots going back centuries. Furthermore, a broad swath of academic and military literature published since the 2014 Russian takeover of Crimea A Ukrainian mural in Kyiv’s Independence Square proclaims to the world in English a Ukrainian view on the country’s future.

Article published on: 08 July 2022


May 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Retooling the Factory: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command for Multi-Domain Operations

Lt. Col. Matthew R. Arrol, U.S. Army

The mission of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is to “recruit, train, educate, develop and build the Army; (and to) establish standards, drive improvement, and lead change to ensure the Army can deter, fight, and win on any battlefield now and in the future.” Simply put, TRADOC is a factory for the production of U.S. military power in the form of soldiers, doctrine, and organizations.

Article published on: 26 May 2022


Lessons from “A Team of Teams”: CSF-536 and Tsunami Relief

Lt. Col. John M. Curatola, PhD, U.S. Marine Corps, Retired

It was easy to see the tsunami’s path when circling at two thousand feet over Bande Ache, Indonesia, in a C-130 cargo aircraft in early January 2005. The lush green forest of Sumatra’s northern tip’s higher elevations stood in stark contrast to the dull brown landscape illustrating the sea’s encroachment on nearby lowlands.

Article published on: 05 May 2022


Ukraine Is Just the Beginning: The Geopolitical Consequences of the Special Operation Will Change the Entire View of the World

Konstantin Sivkov
Translated and Foreword by Lt. Col. Charles K. Bartles, U.S. Army Reserve,
U.S. Army Reserve

“Ukraine Is Just the Beginning” presents a Russian point of view regarding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine by Konstanin Sivkov, a prominent member of the Russian military-scientific community.

Article published on: 02 May 2022


April 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Tactical TikTok for Great Power Competition: Applying the Lessons of Ukraine’s IO Campaign to Future Large-Scale Conventional Operations

Col. Theodore W. Kleisner, U.S. Army
Trevor T. Garmey

As the first large-scale conventional conflict between near-peer adversaries since the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the Russian invasion of Ukraine has provided warfighters a unique opportunity to assess prevailing assumptions about large-scale combat operations (LSCO) in real time. The conflict offers lessons spanning the full spectrum of U.S. arms, and its campaigns must be carefully studied as the U.S. Army focuses on great-power competition.

Article published on: 29 April 2022


Winning by Outlasting: The United States and Ukrainian Resistance to Russia

Marc R. DeVore
Andrew Orr, PhD
Ash Rossiter, PhD

The failure of Russia’s plan to quickly win the war in Ukraine and topple the country’s democratically elected government by occupying Kyiv and other major cities has opened strategic possibilities, including a long-term war of attrition that most strategists did not anticipate before the Russia’s expanded invasion.

Article published on: 20 April 2022


Preventative Conservation of Military Artifacts at the Frontier Army Museum

Megan Hunter

The Frontier Army Museum at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, holds almost 6,500 objects in the public trust

Article published on: 04 April 2022


Concerted Alliance Building: The Solution to Ensuring “A Free and Open Indo-Pacific” in a Multipolar World

2nd Lt. Jose R. Aguilar, U.S. Army Reserve

The army’s role in ensuring a free and open Indo-Pacific necessitates multilateralism, primarily through alliance building with partners in the Indo-Pacific characterized by proactive trust and relationship building on the individual level.

Article published on: 1 April 2022

March 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Building the Russian Concept of Operations in the Baltic Sea Region: An Experimental Approach

Maj. Frederik Wintermans, Royal Netherlands Army
Dan G. Cox, PhD

Much debate regarding Moscow’s intentions in the Baltic Sea region preceded the quadrennial Russian military-strategic exercise ZAPAD-2021. With the backdrop of increasing NATO-Russia tensions over the past few years, some believe the Kremlin desires to seize and control the Baltic States.

Article published on: 22 March 2022


A Military Solution to a Military Problem: Personal Finance Issues in the United States Armed Forces

Brendan Duebner

Despite significant and well-intentioned efforts by the Department of Defense (DOD), data shows that service members are comparatively worse off than their civilian peers in terms of financial literacy and stability.

Article published on: 21 March 2022


Multi-Domain Warfighting in NATO: The 1 German-Netherlands Corps View

Lt. Gen. Andreas Marlow, German Army
Lt. Col. Wilson C. Blythe Jr., U.S. Army

Since its formation in 1995 as a result of the merger of the Cold War-era 1 German Corps and 1 Dutch Corps, 1 German-Netherlands (GE/NL) Corps has repeatedly confirmed the commitment of its framework nations (Germany and Netherlands) to NATO, deploying to Afghanistan in 2003, 2009, and 2013.

Article published on: 09 March 2022


The Arctic Cold War: Competition and Deterrence at Our Northern Doorstep

Maj. Gen. Brian Eifler, U.S. Army

Until recently, the Arctic has been known as an austere, inaccessible, and excessively harsh environment left to rogue explorers and hardened researchers. However, the formerly remote and untouched frontier is now becoming a competitive region.

Article published on: 03 March 2022

February 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Cohesion in the Army: A Primary Group Analysis

Col. J. Todd Burroughs, U.S. Army
Col. Stephen G. Ruth, U.S. Army

What makes great units great? This is a question that leaders have tried to answer time and again—some successfully, some not. One could argue that, with few exceptions, most units in the Army generally have the same overall level of talent. We have all seen, or been a part of, units we would classify as great.

Article published on: 23 February 2022