2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Online Exclusive articles are published only online to support timely discussion on emerging time-sensitive issues. Online publication also allows us to publish more articles than before due to the unconstrained nature of the website. To view online exclusive articles from previous years, see https://www.armyupress.army.mil/journals/military-review/online-exclusive-archives/.

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December 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Musicians of Mars in Multiple Domains: Expanding Combined Arms in the Twenty-First Century

Lt. Gen. Milford Beagle Jr., U.S. Army

Col. Richard Creed, U.S. Army, Retired

Lt. Col. Matt Farmer, U.S. Army, Retired

Both China and Russia possess large, modern militaries that can contest the U.S. joint force through land, air, maritime, space, and cyberspace—an environment in which the U.S. Army has not fought for decades. Army forces meet this challenge through multidomain operations, the operational concept described in the new FM 3-0, Operations.

Article published on: 20 December 2022


From Crisis to Campaign: Operation Allies Welcome at Fort Bliss, Texas

Maj. Scott Schultz, U.S. Army

Maj. Anthony Lupo, U.S. Army

The 1st Armored Division (1AD), Department of State, Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and many nongovernmental organizations (NGO) housed and assisted in the resettlement of 11,427 Afghan asylum seekers from August to the end of December 2021 at Fort Bliss, Texas, as part of Operation Allies Welcome (OAW). “Team Bliss” received a no-notice mission born of an active crisis to receive and house asylum seekers until they could be resettled elsewhere in the United States. The 1AD headquarters established an interagency coordination cell at Doña Ana Range Complex, termed Doña Ana Village for the duration of OAW. A plans and operations fusion cell coordinated interagency and NGO efforts under the combined efforts of the deputy commanding general-operations and the deputy commanding general-maneuver (DCGM). This group of officers coordinated the construction of the camp, provided life support to arriving guests, organized arriving volunteer organizations, enabled the interagency team, and influenced national resettlement strategies.

Article published on: 09 December 2022


Napoleon’s Son: Commissioning and Professional Development

Lt. Col. Tom Vance, U.S. Army Reserve, Retired

Three-year-old Francis Bonaparte and his mother Marie Louise, empress and acting regent of France, fled Paris in March 1814 as Allied armies swarmed through France. The two traveled with an Imperial Guard cavalry escort 1,200-strong, capable of defending against irregular Russian cavalry units (Cossacks) operating in their path. Unable to link up with Napoleon—who was leading a doomed final defense—the two sought the safety of Marie Louise’s father, Francis I, emperor of Austria, who was traveling with the Austrian forces. He ordered his daughter and grandson to Vienna as the final weeks of the war played out.

Article published on: 06 December 2022


November 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Russia’s Latest Historical Revisionism and Reinventing the Future

Robert F. Baumann, PhD

Russia’s February 2022 invasion of Ukraine has triggered a transformation in Russia’s domestic media-information environment, partly through new laws on censorship but even more so by means of a dramatic intensification of trends evident from the beginning of Vladimir Putin’s second indefinite tenure as president.

Article published on: 29 November 2022


Crowdsourcing: Changing How Nations Resist

Maj. Gen. Richard Angle, U.S. Army

Lt. Col. Samuel Hayes, PhD, U.S. Army

Capt. Tommy Daniel, U.S. Army

Three Special Forces officers describe how crowdsourcing can be a powerful tool to affect the operational environment.

Article published on: 09 November 2022


October 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Garrison Imperatives: A Proposal

Col. Jeff Paine, U.S. Army

Serving as a garrison commander or command sergeant major is unlike any other leadership position in the U.S. Army. It is challenging and difficult, as few leaders have significant experience with the installation management mission prior to accepting the colors of a U.S. Army garrison.

Article published on: 19 October 2022


Military Learning and Instruction on Leadership Qualities as Taught at the Academy of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan

Murod M. Ibragimov

Translated by Dr. Robert F. Baumann

The modern commander must possess a blend great professional competence, personal discipline, initiative, creativity, and a combination of social, spiritual, and educational skills and experience to relate with sensitivity to soldiers and their needs.

Article published on: 19 October 2022


The Brazilian Army Experience in Civil-Military Interactions: Lessons Learned from Humanitarian Engagements

Lt. Col. Leonardo de Andrade Alves, Brazilian Army

Armies are learning organizations, and each new engagement provides opportunities to review doctrine, training, and other processes. This article asks what the Brazilian army learned from its extended engagement in Haiti and from the ongoing humanitarian crisis on Brazil’s border with Venezuela. Specifically, how did the Brazilian army improve its capabilities to interact with civilian partners in interagency operations?

Article published on: 13 October 2022


A New Combat Analysis Framework

Maj. Gintautas Razma, Military Academy of Lithuania

Few would disagree with the assertion that management, when combined with leadership and command and control, is one of the core combat competencies of commanders, whatever their rank. The general expectation is that a commander should manage combat dynamics effectively, lead troops in the face of uncertainty, give clear orders, and ensure they are carried out.

Article published on: 05 October 2022


September 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Russian Logistics and Forward Urban Defense in the Baltic States

Lukas Milevski

On 24 February 2022, following a pattern it began in 2008 and continued in 2014, Russia proved once again that it was perfectly willing to start major war in Europe. Beyond the attention paid to its war, Russia has tangentially also pushed Baltic defense back close to the center of NATO’s security agenda.

Article published on: 09 September 2022


Embracing the Need for Command Climate Change

Maj. Gen. Christopher R. Norrie, U.S. Army
Lt. Col. Jaron S. Wharton, PhD, U.S. Army

Healthy command climates are essential to who we are and how well we fight, so we must continuously challenge how we assess, promote, and value positive command climates.

Article published on: 02 September 2022


August 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

A Balancing Game of Janus: Turkish Armed Forces’ Border Security Measures

Col. Özgür Körpe, PhD, Turkish Army

Perhaps the most important side effect of irregular migration in the world today for any country that accepts it is the risk of destabilization. Today, Türkiye faces such a risk. Moreover, Türkiye’s allies, especially NATO members, have been basically forcing it to face this problem alone—even with the massive uptick of irregular migration and refugees that occurred in 2015 with Russian intervention into the Syrian civil war. By way of comparison, the support given to Türkiye to assist with refugees and immigrants is nothing like the massive support provided to the neighboring countries of Ukraine that experienced a mass refugee migration due to the January 2022 Russian invasion. Moreover, Türkiye has had to deal with many more waves of people from different countries than Ukraine’s neighbors.

Article published on: 17 August 2022


Russian Public Opinion and the Ukraine War: Applying the American Experience

John Mueller, PhD

The author provides examples of how U.S. public opinion impacted the Nation’s involvement in its wars and applies lessons learned in a comparison with current Russian public opinion regarding its war with Ukraine.

Article published on: 02 August 2022


July 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Russian Preinvasion Influence Activities in the War with Ukraine

Ian J. Courter

The February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine was unsurprising to many longtime analysts and regional experts as the conflict fit a clear pattern with roots going back centuries. Furthermore, a broad swath of academic and military literature published since the 2014 Russian takeover of Crimea A Ukrainian mural in Kyiv’s Independence Square proclaims to the world in English a Ukrainian view on the country’s future.

Article published on: 08 July 2022


May 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Retooling the Factory: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command for Multi-Domain Operations

Lt. Col. Matthew R. Arrol, U.S. Army

The mission of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is to “recruit, train, educate, develop and build the Army; (and to) establish standards, drive improvement, and lead change to ensure the Army can deter, fight, and win on any battlefield now and in the future.” Simply put, TRADOC is a factory for the production of U.S. military power in the form of soldiers, doctrine, and organizations.

Article published on: 26 May 2022


Lessons from “A Team of Teams”: CSF-536 and Tsunami Relief

Lt. Col. John M. Curatola, PhD, U.S. Marine Corps, Retired

It was easy to see the tsunami’s path when circling at two thousand feet over Bande Ache, Indonesia, in a C-130 cargo aircraft in early January 2005. The lush green forest of Sumatra’s northern tip’s higher elevations stood in stark contrast to the dull brown landscape illustrating the sea’s encroachment on nearby lowlands.

Article published on: 05 May 2022


Ukraine Is Just the Beginning: The Geopolitical Consequences of the Special Operation Will Change the Entire View of the World

Konstantin Sivkov
Translated and Foreword by Lt. Col. Charles K. Bartles, U.S. Army Reserve,
U.S. Army Reserve

“Ukraine Is Just the Beginning” presents a Russian point of view regarding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine by Konstanin Sivkov, a prominent member of the Russian military-scientific community.

Article published on: 02 May 2022


April 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Tactical TikTok for Great Power Competition: Applying the Lessons of Ukraine’s IO Campaign to Future Large-Scale Conventional Operations

Col. Theodore W. Kleisner, U.S. Army
Trevor T. Garmey

As the first large-scale conventional conflict between near-peer adversaries since the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the Russian invasion of Ukraine has provided warfighters a unique opportunity to assess prevailing assumptions about large-scale combat operations (LSCO) in real time. The conflict offers lessons spanning the full spectrum of U.S. arms, and its campaigns must be carefully studied as the U.S. Army focuses on great-power competition.

Article published on: 29 April 2022


Winning by Outlasting: The United States and Ukrainian Resistance to Russia

Marc R. DeVore
Andrew Orr, PhD
Ash Rossiter, PhD

The failure of Russia’s plan to quickly win the war in Ukraine and topple the country’s democratically elected government by occupying Kyiv and other major cities has opened strategic possibilities, including a long-term war of attrition that most strategists did not anticipate before the Russia’s expanded invasion.

Article published on: 20 April 2022


Preventative Conservation of Military Artifacts at the Frontier Army Museum

Megan Hunter

The Frontier Army Museum at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, holds almost 6,500 objects in the public trust

Article published on: 04 April 2022


Concerted Alliance Building: The Solution to Ensuring “A Free and Open Indo-Pacific” in a Multipolar World

2nd Lt. Jose R. Aguilar, U.S. Army Reserve

The army’s role in ensuring a free and open Indo-Pacific necessitates multilateralism, primarily through alliance building with partners in the Indo-Pacific characterized by proactive trust and relationship building on the individual level.

Article published on: 1 April 2022

March 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Building the Russian Concept of Operations in the Baltic Sea Region: An Experimental Approach

Maj. Frederik Wintermans, Royal Netherlands Army
Dan G. Cox, PhD

Much debate regarding Moscow’s intentions in the Baltic Sea region preceded the quadrennial Russian military-strategic exercise ZAPAD-2021. With the backdrop of increasing NATO-Russia tensions over the past few years, some believe the Kremlin desires to seize and control the Baltic States.

Article published on: 22 March 2022


A Military Solution to a Military Problem: Personal Finance Issues in the United States Armed Forces

Brendan Duebner

Despite significant and well-intentioned efforts by the Department of Defense (DOD), data shows that service members are comparatively worse off than their civilian peers in terms of financial literacy and stability.

Article published on: 21 March 2022


Multi-Domain Warfighting in NATO: The 1 German-Netherlands Corps View

Lt. Gen. Andreas Marlow, German Army
Lt. Col. Wilson C. Blythe Jr., U.S. Army

Since its formation in 1995 as a result of the merger of the Cold War-era 1 German Corps and 1 Dutch Corps, 1 German-Netherlands (GE/NL) Corps has repeatedly confirmed the commitment of its framework nations (Germany and Netherlands) to NATO, deploying to Afghanistan in 2003, 2009, and 2013.

Article published on: 09 March 2022


The Arctic Cold War: Competition and Deterrence at Our Northern Doorstep

Maj. Gen. Brian Eifler, U.S. Army

Until recently, the Arctic has been known as an austere, inaccessible, and excessively harsh environment left to rogue explorers and hardened researchers. However, the formerly remote and untouched frontier is now becoming a competitive region.

Article published on: 03 March 2022

February 2022 Online Exclusive Articles

Cohesion in the Army: A Primary Group Analysis

Col. J. Todd Burroughs, U.S. Army
Col. Stephen G. Ruth, U.S. Army

What makes great units great? This is a question that leaders have tried to answer time and again—some successfully, some not. One could argue that, with few exceptions, most units in the Army generally have the same overall level of talent. We have all seen, or been a part of, units we would classify as great.

Article published on: 23 February 2022