Military Review

 

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January-February 2016

Complete Edition

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Cover

Letter from the Editor

2 Themes for Future Editions

4 Table of Contents

8 The Future of War: How Globalization is Changing the Security Paradigm

Capt. Johnny Sokolosky Jr., U.S. Army

The phenomenon of globalization has exponentially progressed with advances in communication and transportation technologies. The U.S. military must correspondingly reflect these changes by enhancing its capacity to project power in a future dominated by intrastate conflict, global terrorism, and urbanization. This article won second place in the 2015 DePuy writing contest.

16 Comments by Russian President Vladimir Putin to the UN General Assembly

President Vladimir Putin

This is the official transcript of a speech given by Russian President Vladimir Putin 28 September 2015 to the UN General Assembly as released by the office of the Russian president.

23 The Value of Science Is in the Foresight: New Challenges Demand Rethinking the Forms and Methods of Carrying Out Combat Operations

General of the Army Valery Gerasimov, Russian Federation Armed Forces

The chief of the General Staff of the Russian Federation Armed Forces provides a Russian perspective on the future of war.

30 Getting Gerasimov Right

Charles K. Bartles

The author offers U.S. readers background and context for Russian General of the Army Gerasimov’s “The Value of Science Is in the Foresight,” presented in this edition of Military Review.

39 The Future of Warfare against Islamic Jihadism: Engaging and Defeating Nonstate, Nonuniformed, Unlawful Enemy Combatants

Lt. Col. Allen B. West, U.S. Army, Retired

A former congressman and retired Army officer opines on the danger to the United States posed by Islamic jihadism and offers ways for U.S. leadership to face that threat.

45 Jordanian Society’s Responses to Syrian Refugees

Capt. Walter C. Haynes, U.S. Army

The influx of refugees caused by the Syrian Civil War could destabilize Jordan, an important U.S. ally in the Middle East, through a deterioration of that country’s national identity. The author provides context for the current crisis by examining a similar refugee flow of Palestinians during the 1940s and 1950s and discusses several possible outcomes.

53 Criminal Networks in Venezuela: Their Impact on Hemispheric Security

Prof. Leopoldo E. Colmenares G.

A noted Venezuelan educator and author demonstrates how the Chavista political process allowed the formation of a partnership between the Venezuelan government and illicit transnational organizations.

68 The Army, Engagement, and America’s Pacific Century

Lt. Col. Daniel Gibson, U.S. Army; Capt. Jon Cheatwood, U.S. Army

The authors argue that security force assistance activities are critical in shaping the security environment in the Indo-Asia Pacific and for achieving U.S. strategic objectives in the region.

77 The Rise of Leftist Populism—A Challenge to Democracy?

Maj. Jonathan Bissell, U.S. Army

The number of democracies that have turned to the “left” has increased significantly throughout Latin America. However, the author does not consider this trend a serious challenge to Latin American democracy and offers possible strategies for U.S. foreign policy regarding the region.

88 Action Research: A Systematic Approach to the Social Component of the Human Dimension

William Hardy; Joseph Rodman

Two social science research analysts for the U.S. Army’s Human Dimension Task Force discuss the importance of U.S. soldiers developing personal relationships with their multinational partners and members of the local communities, deeming those relationships critical to mission success.

96 Winning the Fight on Sexual Assault in our Army: Starting in Basic Combat Training

Col. Bryan Hernandez, U.S. Army

The author believes winning the battle against sexual assault begins at the point of entry into the Army, initial entry training. He offers personal lessons learned from his experience as the commander of a basic combat training brigade.

102 Lessons from Yusufiyah: From Black Hearts to Moral Education

Maj. Saythala Lay Phonexayphova, U.S. Army

The Army is attempting to learn from the 2006 massacre at Yusufiyah so that similar tragedies can be prevented. A West Point philosophy instructor offers key lessons about how the Army can teach its soldiers the moral obligations they have to other human beings, and the choices for which soldiers must be accountable.

108 Military Operations in Megacities: A Linguistic Perspective

Jeff R. Watson, PhD

The author discusses the dynamic linguistic characteristics of megacities and how an appreciation of this linguistic landscape can help military leaders plan future military operations and better understand the megacity environment.

115 REVIEW ESSAY: Base Nation and America Invades

John E. Fahey

The reviewer critiques two books that he believes catalog the tremendous influence the U.S. military has had across the world.

119 Special Book Review - Mein Kampf

George Orwell

A reprint of British author George Orwell’s 1940 review of Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf.

121 Book Reviews

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

140 Cover 3

The return of U.S. forces to Iraq to fight against the Islamic State (IS) was highlighted by the death of Master Sgt. Joshua L. Wheeler on 22 October 2015 in Kirkuk Province, Iraq. Wheeler was killed while participating in a rescue of seventy hostages from an IS prison north of the town of Hawija where, according to Department of Defense officials, they faced “imminent mass execution.”