Military Review

 

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English 2012 Archive

January-February 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

90th Anniversary History Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

4 Integrating Intelligence and Information: Ten Points for the Commander Download the PDF

Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, U.S. Army

Brigadier General Charles A. Flynn, U.S. Army

The authors provide ten points as an azimuth for intelligence and information integration.

9 Counter-IED Strategy in Modern War Download the PDF

Captain David F. Eisler, U.S. Army

The most successful counter-IED operations do not focus on the devices themselves, but on the population.

16 What is an Army but the Soldiers? A Critical Assessment of the Army's Human Capital Management System Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Scott M. Halter, U.S. Army

The Army's human capital management system responds slowly to changing requirements and has lost the trust of many soldiers.

24 Steering America's Warship toward Moral Communication (and Real Success) in the 21st Century Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Douglas A. Pryer, U.S. Army

Lose moral legitimacy, lose the war.

35 Command Responsibility and Accountability Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Joe Doty, Ph.D., U.S. Army, Retired

Captain Chuck Doty, U.S. Navy, Retired

Commanders set their units up for success primarily through the command climate they establish.

39 Army Leader Development and Leadership: Views from the Field Download the PDF

Ryan M. Hinds

John P. Steel, Ph.D.

Army leaders need to do a better job developing subordinates for future leadership roles.

45 The Lessons of Libya Download the PDF

Amitai Etzioni

The military success of the 2011 NATO-led campaign in Libya proved humanitarian missions can be effective. The strategy of Boots off the Ground has many advantages, including low casualties, low costs, and easy disengagement.

55 WHINSEC: Forging International Relationships, Strengthening Regional Democracies Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel José M. Marrero, U.S. Army

Lieutenant Colonel Lee A. Rials, U.S. Army, Retired

The Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation is a powerful strategic partnership promoter and capability builder.

59 Battered Spouse Syndrome: How to Better Understand Afghan Behavior Download the PDF

Colonel Erik W. Goepner, U.S. Air Force

Afghans attacked by insurgents exhibit behaviors often seen in victims of battered spouse syndrome.

68 A New Doctrine Framework for the Land Component Forces Download the PDF

Major Christopher Henry, U.S. Army

The Army is exploring ways to make doctrine more timely and relevant.

75 A Leader's Grief: T.E. Lawrence, Leadership, and PTSD Download the PDF

James J. Schneider, Ph.D.

T.E. Lawrence experienced leader's grief and post-traumatic stress disorder.

82 BOOK REVIEWS Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

95 Colonel Arthur D. Simons Center Interagency Writing Competition and U.S. Army War College Strategic Landpower Essay Contest Download the PDF

97 Cover 3 Download the PDF

The President of the United States of America, authorized by act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded, in the name of Congress, the Medal of Honor to Staff Sergeant Leroy A. Petry, United States Army.

March-April 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 Unified Land Operations: The Evolution of Army Doctrine for Success in the 21st Century Download the PDF

Colonel Bill Benson, U.S. Army

The Army exploits the initiative to gain a position of advantage in unified land operations nested inside joint unified action.

13 Putting the Cart Before the Horse: Strategy and the U.S. Budgetary Process Download the PDF

Major Matthew M. McCreary, U.S. Army

If the budget is being used to influence strategy, we have put the cart before the horse.

21 Uncomfortable Questions Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Paul T. Darling, Alaska Army National Guard

Lieutenant Justin Lawlor, U.S. Navy Reserve

More than just a fight against the Taliban, the war in Afghanistan is a fight for the uncommitted Pashtun population of Afghanistan and Pakistan.

27 Extreme Partnership in Afghanistan: Arghandab District, Kandahar Province, 2010-2011 Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel David S. Flynn, U.S. Army

Including the ANSF in the planning and execution of all operations is a challenge, but it is the key to success.

36 Cultural Property Protection as a Force Multiplier in Stability Operations: World War II Monuments Officers, Lessons Learned Download the PDF

Laurie W. Rush, Ph.D., RPA, FAAR

DOD should institutionalize cultural property protection in a war zone. It has force-multiplication effects and is valuable in stabilizing the social fabric.

44 Lost in Transmission: How the Army has Garbled the Message about the Nature of Its Profession Download the PDF

First Lieutenant Anthony M. Formica, U.S. Army

The Army must cultivate more masters of abstract knowledge to reclaim its lost professional jurisdiction.

53 Dangerous Liaisons: The Context and Consequences of Operationalizing Military Chaplains Download the PDF

Jacqueline E. Whitt, Ph.D.

Even when chaplains perform a religious liaison function, commanders must jealously guard the chaplain's time and resources to ensure adequate spiritual support for the service members under their command.

64 Leaving the Service as a Form of Dissent Download the PDF

Major Daniel J. Sennott, U.S. Army

Deciding to leave the service is a highly personal decision, requiring the leader to assess his personal values and the values of the institution he serves.

71 Strategies for Developing and Practicing Cross-Cultural Expertise in the Military Download the PDF

Louise J. Rasmussen, Ph.D.

Winston R. Sieck, Ph.D.

Army leaders should adopt a cross-culturalist stance, seeking and extending cultural understanding and applying cultural understanding to guide action.

81 Real Lessons Learned for Leaders after Years of War Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Joe Doty, Ph.D., U.S. Army, Retired

Master Sergeant Jeffrey E. Fenlason, U.S. Army

The past ten years of war have provided numerous opportunities for the Army to capture lessons learned for the future of leader development.

90 Female Engagement Teams: The Need to Standardize Training and Employment Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Janet R. Holliday, U.S. Army

The Army needs to train, staff, and employ female engagement teams to meet strategic goals and institutionalize the practice for future contingencies.

INSIGHTS

95 Thank You, American Soldier Download the PDF

Ala'a Ghazala

Thank you, American Soldier, as you go back home, and God bless you.

97 Book Reviews Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

108 LETTERS Download the PDF

109 Cover 3 Download the PDF

2012 General William E. DePuy Special Topics Writing Competition. What is the role of women in the United States Army for the next 20 years?

May-June 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 Development and COIN in Regional Command-East, 2004-2008 Download the PDF

Robert Kemp, Department of State

The United States deployed a cadre of talented, dedicated military and civilian officers to RC– East in Afghanistan. They had a measurable positive impact, despite risk and hardships.

16 Operational Contract Support: Five Things Every Field Grade Officer Should Know Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel William C. Latham, Jr., U.S. Army, Retired

Guidelines for preparing, justifying, and managing contract support.

19 ANA Logistics System: Getting to Afghan Right Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Steven Valeski, U.S. Army Reserve

Building an ANA logistics system requires solutions developed by Afghans with coalition guidance.

25 Strategic Thinking in an Era of Persistent Conflict Download the PDF

Colonel Chadwick Clark, Ed.D., U.S. Army

Lieutenant Colonel Richard L. Kiper, Ph.D., U.S. Army, Retired

The military took years to acquire the skills to counter insurgencies. How long will it take to acquire the skills to stabilize nations?

35 The Reserve Component: Trained and Ready? Lessons of History Download the PDF

Major General Mark MacCarley, U.S. Army

With little or no post-mobilization training, the Reserve Components must be operationally ready to respond to contingencies, homeland security and humanitarian assistance missions, and theater security exercises.

47 A Failure to Engage: Current Negotiation Strategies and Approaches Download the PDF

Major Aram Donigian, U.S. Army, and Professor Jeff Weiss

Changing Army negotiating techniques requires a significant training program; methodical, regular reinforcement of skills and approaches; and consistent coaching.

55 Difficult Missions: What Logic to Apply and What Action to Take Download the PDF

Brigadier General Huba Wass de Czege, U.S. Army, Retired

Understanding a mission situation after thinking about the available evidence helps dictate the logic of action.

61 Law and Ethics in Command Decision Making Download the PDF

A. Edward Major

The importance of the military commander's ethical understanding has never been more critical. SJA advice and counseling alone do not lead to ethical decision making.

75 Uzbekistan's View of Security in Afghanistan After 2014 Download the PDF

Matthew Stein

The United States must understand, rather than condemn or ignore, Uzbekistan's view on Afghanistan security.

INSIGHTS

82 Fulfilling the Promise: A Joint Corps for a Joint Military Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Paul Darling, U.S. Army, Alaska National Guard

Lieutenant Justin Lawlor, U.S. Naval Reserve

The establishment of a "joint corps" would preserve capabilities within a framework of resource constraints.

88 Policy Options for a Cuban Spring Download the PDF

Gregory Weeks

Erin Fiorey

Experts offer recommendations for U.S. policy options in the eventuality of a "Cuban spring."

96 Book Reviews Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

109 Cover 3 Download the PDF

King Hsiao-Ch'eng: "And may we ask what ways and what modes of action the true king should follow in employing soldiers?"

Mission Command - Special Edition

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 The Infantry Squad: Decisive Force Now and in the Future Download the PDF

Major General Robert B. Brown, U.S. Army

The U.S. Army dismounted infantry maneuver squad is today's most decisive force on the battlefield, yet it lacks access to capabilities it needs to truly synchronize the total fight.

10 Change 1 to Field Manual 3-0: The Way the Army Fights Today Download the PDF

Lieutenant General Robert L. Caslen, Jr., U.S. Army

Change 1 to FM 3-0 advances the concept of mission command beyond mere philosophy to make it a catalyst for change in the Army.

15 Integrated Planning: The Operations Process, Design, and the Military Decision Making Process Download the PDF

Colonel Wayne W. Grigsby, Jr., U.S. Army, et al.

Army planning needs to use the best conceptual tools of the design methodology and the best planning tools of the Military Decision Making Process.

23 Adaptive Leadership in the Military Decision Making Process Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel William J. Cojocar, Ph.D., U.S. Army, Retired

Adaptive leadership is an accepted and necessary practice that facilitates success in a difficult and changing environment.

29 Unleashing Design: Planning and the Art of Battle Command Download the PDF

Brigadier General (P) Edward C. Cardon, U.S. Army

Lieutenant Colonel Steve Leonard, U.S. Army

With the publication of the most recent edition of Field Manual (FM) 5-0, The Operations Process, our doctrine is on the cusp of the most significant change in planning methodology in more than a generation.

40 Field Manual 5-0: Exercising Command and Control in an Era of Persistent Conflict Download the PDF

Colonel Clinton J. Ancker, III, U.S. Army, Retired

Lieutenant Colonel Michael Flynn, U.S. Army, Retired

FM 5-0 represents a significant evolution in Army doctrine for focusing on complex environments.

47 Unified Land Operations: The Evolution of Army Doctrine for Success in the 21st Century Download the PDF

Colonel Bill Benson, U.S. Army

The Army exploits the initiative to gain a position of advantage in unified land operations nested inside joint unified action.

58 Heuristics and Biases in Military Decision Making Download the PDF

Major Blair S. Williams, U.S. Army

The classic Military Decision Making Process is ill-suited for the analysis of problems exhibited in current operations. The complex, ambiguous problems the Army faces today require an emergent style of decision making.

73 Cover 3 Download the PDF

General Winfield Scott and his gray-clad regulars at the Battle of Chippewa, 5 July 1814. The Battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane (on 25 July 1814) during the War of 1812 were the proving grounds of a professionalized U.S. soldiery.

July-August 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 An Army Outgunned: Physics Demands a New Basic Combat Weapon Download the PDF

Joseph P. Avery, Ph.D.

Army, Marine Corps, and special operations forces M16s fire NATO 5.56x45 millimeter rounds over a half-century old. The services should adopt a more robust projectile and basic combat weapon system.

9 Cultural Training for Military Personnel: Revisiting the Vietnam Era Download the PDF

Allison Abbe, Ph.D.

Melissa Gouge

Will cultural training programs implemented in recent years survive beyond the conflicts that prompted them?

18 A Strategic-Level Intelligence Advisor's Lessons Learned Download the PDF

Welton Chang

U.S. military and civilian advisors to Iraqi intelligence agencies report their best practices.

26 Turkey and the Arab Spring Download the PDF

Karen Kaya

Does the Arab Spring have a Turkish model in its future?

33 Inevitable Sword of Heat Download the PDF

Colonel John R. Culclasure, U.S. Air Force, Retired

The United States and other nations are pursuing laser weapons with future battlefields in mind.

41 Gardener-Leaders: A New Paradigm for Developing Adaptive, Creative, and Humble Leaders Download the PDF

Major Joseph Bruhl, U.S. Army

Leaders who think like gardeners know how to adapt, reason creatively, and approach challenges with humility.

46 The Missed Opportunity: A Critique of ADP 3-0, Unified Land Operations Download the PDF

Major J.P. Clark, U.S. Army

Unified Land Operations confines itself to theoretical generalities so vague that they could just as well apply to the army of some other country.

53 The Individual Ready Reserve: Reforming the Army's Hidden Legions Download the PDF

Garri Benjamin Hendell

The Individual Ready Reserve can be a crucial force multiplier in an uncertain world.

58 Observations of a Strategic Corporal Download the PDF

Corporal Scott R. Mitchell, U.S. Army

Our thought process in reacting to contact must change. The most effective weapon in today's environment is the shot not fired.

65 General Richard Cavazos and the Korean War, 1953: A Study in Combat Leadership Download the PDF

Colonel Thomas C. Graves, U.S. Army

The career of General Richard Cavazos highlights what the Army expects of a combat leader.

73 The Joy of Officership Download the PDF

Captain Mark Adamshick, Ph.D., U.S. Navy, Retired

Being an officer should be joyous. Officers have the daily privilege to serve the people, the platoon, the regiment, and the nation they love.

79 Book Reviews Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

89 Cover 3 Download the PDF

Carrying off the Menorah from the Temple in Jerusalem depicted on a frieze on the Arch of Titus in the Forum Romanum, Via Sacra. Rome, Roman Forum, c. 82 C.E.

September-October 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 Just War Theory and Democratization by Force: Two Incompatible Agendas Download the PDF

Cora Sol Goldstein, Ph.D.

Is the doctrine of minimum collateral damage compatible with a strategy of democratization by force?

9 In Search of the Good War: Just War and Realpolitik in Our Time Download the PDF

Colonel Thomas W. McShane, J.D., U.S. Army, Retired

Will Just War Theory influence the use of military force more than international law?

18 Harnessing Initiative and Innovation: A Process for Mission Command Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Chip Daniels, U.S. Army

Major Mark Huhtanen, U.S. Army

Major John Poole, U.S. Army

Establish a shared vision by incorporating subordinates early in the mission command planning process.

27 Customary Law and Its Challenges to Afghan Statehood Download the PDF

Kathleen Reedy, Ph.D.

We should focus on developing Afghanistan’s judicial capabilities so that Afghans see their government as legitimate.

35 What Comes Next? An Argument for Irregular War in National Defense Download the PDF

Major Phil W. Reynolds, U.S. Army

A robust strategy of irregular war would provide a low-cost deterrent against asymmetric adversaries.

42 An Asset Out of You and Me: Communicating What It Truly Means to be a Soldier Download the PDF

Colonel Lawrence J. Morris, J.D., U.S. Army, Retired

The Army should fling open the doors, brief national security correspondents and bloggers, and communicate what it truly means to be a member of the profession.

50 Nothing is Simple in Afghanistan: The Principles of Sustainment and Logistics in Alexander’s Shadow Download the PDF

Captain Andrew P. Betson, U.S. Army

Operation Enduring Freedom has helped improve logistics systems within the military over the last decade.

58 Transnational Criminal Organizations: Mexico’s Commercial Insurgency Download the PDF

Major Christopher Martinez, U.S. Army

Mexican transnational criminal organizations have become commercial insurgent groups.

63 CGSC: Developing Leaders to Adapt and Dominate for the Army of Today and Tomorrow Download the PDF

Brigadier General (P) Gordon B. "Skip" Davis, Jr., U.S. Army

Lieutenant Colonel James B. Martin, U.S. Army, Retired, Ph.D.

The staff college stands ready to meet the challenge of preparing graduates to lead America’s armed forces in these uncertain times.

75 Developing an Effective Command Philosophy Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Harry C. Garner, U.S. Army, Retired

An effective command philosophy is contingent on first developing a personal leadership philosophy.

82 The Next Time We Reinvent Someone Else’s Country… Download the PDF

Major General Michael W. Symanski, U.S. Army Reserve, Retired

Instead of bearing the crushing expense of a security system against a non-state terrorist, many of our allies want to protect their civilian economies.

90 Book Reviews Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

105 Cover 3 Download the PDF

Results of the 2012 General William E. DePuy Combined Arms Center Writing Competition

November-December 2012

Complete Edition Download the PDF

The complete edition as well as all articles are in pdf format. Complete issues may have large file sizes that may take some time to download. Individual articles can be accessed by clicking on the article title below.

Cover Download the PDF

Table of Contents Download the PDF

2 The Right Way: A Proposal for an Army Ethic Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Clark C. Barrett, Ph.D., Michigan Army National Guard

A prize-winning author offers his proposal for an Army Ethic to serve the profession of arms.

13 Preventing Mass Atrocities in Sub-Saharan Africa through Strategic Engagement Download the PDF

Major Chris R. Henry, and Major Nathan K. Finney, U.S. Army

An East African Staff College will help the African Union prevent mass atrocities in Sub-Saharan Africa.

22 Policy, COIN Doctrine, and Political Legitimacy Download the PDF

Major Stanley J. Wiechnik, U.S. Army

The Army needs a greater understanding of the relationship of political legitimacy to successful COIN and stability operations.

31 The Afghan National Army: Has Capacity Building Become Culture Building? Download the PDF

Sergeant First Class, Keith W. Norris, U.S. Army

The best outcomes will stem from optimizing the Afghan National Army to fit Afghanistan's undeniably resilient social system.

41 Public Understanding of the Profession of Arms Download the PDF

Brandon Robers

The Army should establish new points of domestic cultural understanding to supplant those lost during its increasing professionalization in recent decades.

48 Africa’s Brain Drain: Its Impacts on Security and Stability Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Feldman, U.S. Army Reserve

The emigration of educated Africans affects the continent’s security and stability, but the phenomenon has both negative and positive aspects.

57 Smooth is Fast: Managing Security Transitions for Enduring Freedom Download the PDF

Lieutenant Colonel Troy D. Busby, U.S. Army, Retired

A longer-term U.S. presence in Afghanistan will promote a more enduring stability, and a bilateral- security arrangement with Iraq should support some reintroduction of U.S. forces in a security cooperation posture.

68 Reframing Army Doctrine: Operational Art, the Science of Control, and Critical Thinking Download the PDF

Major Steven T. Brackin, Texas Army National Guard

Army doctrine frames planning actions along a continuum ranging from “conceptual” on one end to “detailed” on the other.

73 Spectrum of What? Download the PDF

Paul Scharre

We must revise and expand the lexicon of the spectrum of military operations to cover counterinsurgency, anti-access/area denial (A2/AD), and “hybrid” warfare.

80 Seven Design Theory Considerations: An Approach to Ill-Structured Problems Download the PDF

Major Ben Zweibelson, U.S. Army

Seven interrelated phenomena occur regularly when design theory interfaces with military decision making.

91 Book Reviews Download the PDF

Contemporary Readings for the Military Professional

106 2012 Annual Index Download the PDF

113 Cover 3 Download the PDF

In Memoriam Major David Youngdoff